Germplasm, Breeding, and Genomics in Potato Improvement of Biotic and Abiotic Stresses Tolerance

TitleGermplasm, Breeding, and Genomics in Potato Improvement of Biotic and Abiotic Stresses Tolerance
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsTiwari, JKumar, Buckseth, T, Zinta, R, Bhatia, N, Dalamu, D, Naik, S, Poonia, AK, Kardile, HB, Challam, C, Singh, RK, Luthra, SK, Kumar, V, Kumar, M
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science

Potato is one of the most important food crops in the world. Late blight, viruses, soil and tuber-borne diseases, insect-pests mainly aphids, whiteflies, and potato tuber moths are the major biotic stresses affecting potato production. Potato is an irrigated and highly fertilizer-responsive crop, and therefore, heat, drought, and nutrient stresses are the key abiotic stresses. The genus Solanum is a reservoir of genetic diversity, however, a little fraction of total diversity has been utilized in potato breeding. The conventional breeding has contributed significantly to the development of potato varieties. In recent years, a tremendous progress has been achieved in the sequencing technologies from short-reads to long-reads sequence data, genomes of Solanum species (i.e., pan-genomics), bioinformatics and multi-omics platforms such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, ionomics, and phenomics. As such, genome editing has been extensively explored as a next-generation breeding tool. With the available high-throughput genotyping facilities and tetraploid allele calling softwares, genomic selection would be a reality in potato in the near future. This mini-review covers an update on germplasm, breeding, and genomics in potato improvement for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance.