TitleAnalysis of volatile phenols in alcoholic beverage by ethylene glycol-polydimethylsiloxane based stir bar sorptive extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsZhou, Q, Qian, YPL, Qian, MC
JournalJ Chromatogr A
Date Published2015 Apr 17
KeywordsAlcoholic Beverages, Beer, Dimethylpolysiloxanes, Ethanol, Ethylene Glycol, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Guaiacol, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Osmolar Concentration, Phenols, Wine

An ethylene glycol (EG)/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) copolymer based stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE)-GC-MS method was developed for the analysis of volatile phenols (4-ethylphenol, 4-vinylphenol, 4-ethylguaiacol, and 4-vinylguaiacol) in alcoholic beverages. The beverage samples were diluted with phosphate buffer (1M, pH 7) and extracted with an EG/PDMS stir bar. Volatile phenols were thermally desorbed and analyzed by GC-MS. Parameters affecting extraction efficiency were studied including ionic strength, pH, extraction time, ethanol content and nonvolatile matrix. Good correlation coefficients with R(2) in the range of 0.994-0.999 were obtained for volatile phenol concentration of 5-500μg/L. Recovery for all phenols were from 95.7% to 104.4% in a beer matrix and 81.4% to 97.6% in a wine matrix. The method had a standard deviation less than 5.8% for all volatile phenols. The limit of quantification (LOQs) in beer samples was lower than 3μg/L. The method was further applied to analyze the concentrations of volatile phenols in beer, wine and other alcoholic beverage samples.

Alternate JournalJ Chromatogr A
PubMed ID25766496